Keep Your Aquarium Clean With Aquarium Filters
Good aquarium filters can make or break your aquarium. Get a cheap one and it could leave
your aquarium dirty and leave you frustrated. Get a good aquarium filter and it will make
your fish and you a happy camper. I don't think fish go camping but you get the idea. To
determine the right system know that most experts requires that the water should be
completely circulated at least five to six times and hour. So if your aquarium is 20
gallons, you should choose a filter that can pump 20 gallons times 5 (20X5) or at least
100-120 gallons per hour (GPH).
Mechanical Filtration - This aquarium filter simply removes debris and particles that are present in
your aquarium by passing the tank's water through some type of spongy material such as foam
which traps debris before it enters back into your aquarium.
Biological Filtration - These aquarium filters is probably the most important filtration process for your
aquarium. Biological filtration removes toxic waste created by decaying matter and
creating a bed of beneficial bacteria in your filter that breaks down harmful toxins
such as amonia and nitrites. To create this, your aquarium goes through a process called
" nitrogen cycle" This is a very important to sustain a thriving aquarium.
Chemical Filtration - This process removes dissolved waste by flowing water through
activated carbon. When water flows through the carbon, it traps dissolved waste and
minerals. It also removes odors and ammonia.
Choosing the right system for your aquarium usually depends on the size of your aquarium
and the size of your fish and types of live plants if any that you have. The following
list of filters will guide you to pick the right filter for your aquarium.
Under Gravel Filters
These filters work by placing them under the gravel. An air pump thenpushes water through the gravel by pulling particles in your water with it. They are greatbiological filters but they do clog over time.
Corner Box Filters
These filters sit in the corner or your aquarium. They are designed for aquarium of 10 gallons or less. They operate by pushing air through a tube which powers water through filter floss and carbon. The problem with these filters is that they sit in your aquarium and they are not very attractive to look at. Great for beginners.
These filters are the most common filters on the market today. They provide excellent mechanical, biological and chemical filtration. These filters hang on the back of your aquarium and an intake tube hangs in the aquarium. This tube sucks water through the chamber and passing it through a chemical filter cartridge before passing the water back into the tank. Some of the more advanced models have a bio-wheel or a sponge that keeps the biological bacteria in your tank. These filters are easy to maintain and is my personal favorite.
These filters are great for larger tanks because they are very powerful
and can filter large amounts of water quickly through mechanical filtration. The canister
filter is unseen because it's placed underneath the aquarium out of site. It uses a tube
to suck water from the tank into a canister where it's filtered mechanically. It then
goes through chemical and biological filters before the water empties back into the
aquarium. These filters are more expensive and a little harder to maintain.
Sponge filters provides biological filtration. An air pump is attached to the filter and draws aquarium water through a sponge where bacteria gathers on it. They are great in a quarantine tank where you have sick fish because there is no chemical filtration to minimize the medication. These filters are great for aquariums that have small fish that might be sucked up by standard filters.
Fluidized Bed Filters
A fluidized filter is one of the best biological filters on the market today. They do require a pre-filter to remove particles and can be very expensive. These filters are compact and use sand as a filter medium. The sand has water continuously flowing through it and has a huge surface where a large colony of nitrogen cycles beneficial bacteria can grow and multiply. This type of filter improves oxygen.
This filter uses diatomaceous earth to filter aquarium water that leaves your aquarium very clean and polished. They capture the very smallest particles and help lower diseases such as fin rot, velvet, ich and other diseases. These filters also are very expensive but do a great job keeping your aquarium clean.
Wet / Dry Filter
Wet Dry Filters use a mixture of water and air to clean the water. Waste is removed from the water after it has passed through the filter. A filtering chamber aerates the water and passes it through another filter. These filters require more maintenance because the media must be replaced to avoid build up of waste.
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